Thursday, July 31, 2014

Who Funds the Unsustainable Sustainable Development Movement with Your Tax Dollars?

Staff Writer, Nicole Meyer-Greene
Sustainability / Government Corruption
____________________________________


Agenda 21 named in Congress and Congress supporting the ideals of the United Nations in lieu of the Constitution and Bill of Rights is shown in their own words in the video from CSPAN, above. 

Sustainability, Smart Growth all great marketing terms for scams. Here is an information article done by the Post Sustainability Institute about the corruption in your state and home town you are not aware of, brought to you by corporations and the United Nations:
Growg Smart Legislative Guidebook Model Statues for Planning and the Management of Change was funded by a grant from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (the lead federal agency); Federal Highway Administration (US Department of Transportation); US Environmental Protection Agency; the Federal Transit Administration (DOT); the Rural Economic and Community Development Administration (US Department of Agriculture). All of these agencies were members of the President's Council on Sustainable Development which ran from 1993-1999.

Private funders included the Siemens Corporation; Henry M. Jackson Foundation; Annie E. Casey Foundation; and the American Planning Association. These private organizations promote smart growth.

Siemens, for instance, benefits from the development of the 'smart grid' and is a key private for-profit corporation for solar, biomass, and other subsidized power generation. This huge multi-national corporation is involved in health care, building systems, financing, communications and more. Siemens is a German company that was nearly bankrupt until Hitler supplied free slave labor and money for technological development. Siemens USA has revenue of over $20 Billion. They also just appointed Michael Kruklinski Head of Siemens Real Estate for the Americas. In this role he'll oversee all operations for Siemens Real Estate in the U.S. He also is on the NEW YORK CITY REGIONAL PLAN ASSOCIATION BOARD. http://www.usa.siemens.com/answers/en/
The Henry M. Jackson Foundation is a major grant funder. Their involvement on an international scale is detailed here: 
The Foundation seeks to leverage its influence and effectiveness by convening and participating actively in groups of like-minded funders to discuss topics of mutual interest. Examples of funder partners or networks follow:
International Human Rights Funders Group
The Jackson Foundation is a founding member and former steering committee member of the International Human Rights Funders Group (IHRFG), an association of grantmakers dedicated to supporting efforts to protect human rights on both national and international scales. Members meet at least twice yearly to discuss issues of common concern in human rights philanthropy and reach out to potential funders to attract greater dollars to the human rights field. IHRFG also seeks to inform public policy on a national level. (text in italics is directly from the Jackson Foundation website)

The Funders' Network for Smart Growth
The Jackson Foundation is a founding member of the Funders' Network for Smart Growth and Livable Communities, a coalition that seeks to strengthen and expand philanthropic leadership and grantmaking that improves communities through better development decisions and growth policies. It brings together foundations, nonprofit organizations and other partners to address a range of environmental, social, and economic problems. (Text in italics is from The Funders' Network for Smart Growth website)

The Funders Network membership list is vast. Annie E. Casey Foundation is just one of many members. Read the membership list here: http://www.fundersnetwork.org/connect

We suggest that you look carefully at the members of the Funders' Network for Smart Growth and Livable Communities to see where the UN Agenda 21/Sustainable Development money trail leads. Money and power flow back and forth along these channels. Enterprise Community Development and LISC, for example, are on the list. They are for-profit affordable housing developers who benefit hugely from subsidies in smart growth and redevelopment (urban renewal) zones. Wal-Mart is a partner. The Orton Family Foundation is a partner. You'll find over 100 foundations and corporations on the list. Take a look. and look at this too, as an example of who funds the Smart Growth conferences.

On the issue of devaluation of property through regulatory means, we find it reprehensible that counties and cities recognize that development rights have value when they're being purchased in conservation easements, but they have no value when they're being taken away through regulations. You won't find many General or Comprehensive Plans that don't embed sustainable communities strategies in their elements. Most states require it by law through their legislation. These policies fund and support UN Agenda 21/Sustainable Development.

More and more non-profit organizations are being created, fragmenting from others, spinning off and creating more non-profits. Funding comes from state and federal grants, from your taxes and fees, private grants, donations (tax write-offs), and from lawsuits. You'll find the League of Women Voters advocating for Smart Growth. The Lung Association lobbies for Smart Growth. The National Association of Realtors advocates for Smart Growth. The Chamber of Commerce does too. So does the AFL-CIO. Are your dues or professional fees paying for UN Agenda 21/Sustainable Development. Are you volunteering for a group supporting UN Agenda 21/Sustainable Development?
And who builds the Light Rail? Siemens... no conflict of interest there, is there?

The article goes on to name more names as to the individuals and groups who are perpetuating this scam on the American taxpayer.

Isn't it about time you researched the scam that is Sustainable Development?


Source: Post Sustainability Institute, Liberty In Our Time

Global Debt Facility Further Evidence

Staff Writer, R. Patrick Chapman
Banking / Global Debt Facility
____________________________________


Karen Hudes has released more documentation supporting the reality of a Global Debt Facility that is supposed to benefit humankind.

Source: Karen Hudes

Solar Flare, CME, CH Stream, Sunspots

Staff Writer, Nathnaiel Diaz 
Meteorology / Heliosphere
______________________________


A M2.5 Solar Flare did occur this morning. Our sun is somewhat awake. The coronal hole stream coming toward us should give earthquakes a nudge.

To be a binary star system or not be is the question. See the double star article in today's featured links. The Einstein and the Electric Universe are at odds once again.

Watch for strong storms in the west Pacific.


TODAY'S FEATURED LINKS:
Leedskalnin.com - TOP FEATURE
Double Star: http://www.eso.org/public/news/eso1423/
Latest GOCE: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Obs...

Source: Suspicious Observers

Insufficient Punishment: Why We Love Keith Olbermann

Staff Writer, DL Mullan
Sports / Society
__________________________________

Keith explains how sports sexism let the NFL get away with suspending a wife-beater for two games when an on-field stomp got another player a five-game suspension.
What has our society, culture come to? What are we really about? 

What a culture allows in its individual conduct against others displays what is important to that specific culture. In this case, a sports star attacks his girlfriend and only gets suspended for two whole games. What does that say about how sports organizations and their employees feel about half of their fan base?

Mr. Olbermann makes frank what our society has allowed ourselves to become. 

This commentary is not only about sports but about a social dialogue that is lacking in our basic discussions. 

He may not be on a political network anymore, yet Mr. Olbermann takes time to make robust a critical analysis of what is wrong with our world. Women and men should be respectful and dignified to each other. Our culture should not exploit or reward violence against one another.

We have grown into a nation of irrational sycophants. 

The reason why the VDP Gazette does not adulate over sports and why we love Keith Olbermann.


Source: Keith Olbermann

Oh Woe is Me, Keiser Report 634

Staff Writer, DB Holmes
Finance / Banking
____________________________________

Max Keiser and Stacy Herbert ask “is the Fed fueling bubbles?” An opinion piece in USA Today says: “No, this time it’s different (due to zero percent interest rates).” Another opinion piece from former academic-turned-fund manager John Hussman says there is a bubble and it’s matched only in size by the bubble leading to the 1929 Wall Street crash. In the second half, Max interviews Mitch Feierstein of PlanetPonzi.com about George Osborne’s ponzinomics and Janet Yellen’s bubbles. Mitch also has some charts! These charts show that equity markets in 2014 look a whole lot like the “recovery” and then second crash during the previous Great Depression.
Source: Keiser Report

Wednesday, July 30, 2014

GeoEngineering Daily Report, 7.30.14

Staff Writer, DL Mullan
Photographer, DL Mullan
__________________________________

The silver nuisance has returned to our fair skies. 

It is so nice that here in America that we cannot house, feed, or care for our people but we can pay for chemical companies to pollute our skyways. 

July 22nd, the lines began again. This time the eco-terrorists were high above placing lines above the monsoon clouds. Don't think your efforts went unnoticed. 

We also noticed how the monsoon took a hiatus when even the Farmer's Almanac had stated that we were in for heavy monsoonal action on those days. Why are we not being allowed our rain? For another polar vortex but for the summer in the east? 

All very good unanswered questions.

A short time later that week, AIRNow reported haze and grime in the skies over Southern Arizona. The government agency touted once again that the haze was somehow natural. Phoenix geoengineering watchers have seen these false reports as well.

As for our city today, tax money was again spent spraying toxins into the sky. 

Over our Southern Skies

More lines in the South

A Jet making a Fresh Track

These are NOT normal.

Isn't it time to get your local and state officials involved in this situation?

Lyndon LaRouche's July 25th 2014 Webcast

Staff Writer, R. Patrick Chapman
News / Government
_____________________________________



This week's commentary and history in world politics.

Source :LaRouche PAC

Solar Pole Reversal, Filaments Eruption

Staff Writer, Nathaniel Diaz
Meteorology / Heliosphere
__________________________________


The sun has still not completed it's polar shift reversal. Filaments are destabilizing and causing some eruptions but as of yet nothing catastrophic headed our way. Sleepy star.

Without energy from solar flares, storms in the Pacific are dissipating however some notable earthquakes have been felt. 

Today's Featured Links:
Solar Polar Fields: http://wso.stanford.edu/Polar.html
Earthspots: http://www.suspicious0bservers.org/el...

Source: Suspicious Observers

US Loses 40% of Guns in Afghanistan, Decriminalizing Piracy & Why Weed isn’t Legal

Staff Writer, DB Holmes
Government / News 
_____________________________

Abby Martin on a recent report by the US Inspector General for Afghanistan, highlighting how the Pentagon has lost track of more than 40 percent of guns delivered to Afghan security forces. A recent UK agreement that reduces the likelihood of individuals being sued by entertainment companies for file sharing. RT’s Sam Sacks discusses the shift in state policy on marijuana use, citing a report by journalist Lee Fang that outlines why marijuana is such a threat to the bottom line of American pharmaceutical companies. Abby then breaks through the propaganda rhetoric of ‘Human Shields’, calling out instances such as the second Iraq War and the current conflict in Gaza. Finally, BTS’s Manuel Rapalo remarks on the 100th anniversary of the start of WWI and a few of the most outrageous pretexts for war in modern history.

Source: Breaking the Set

Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Monroe Doctrine (1823)

Staff Writer, R. Patrick Chapman
Government / History
___________________________________

Do you know the Monroe Doctrine? And, is it still being employed by the United States?
The Monroe Doctrine was articulated in President James Monroe's seventh annual message to Congress on December 2, 1823. The European powers, according to Monroe, were obligated to respect the Western Hemisphere as the United States' sphere of interest.
The speech given to Congress by President Monroe, December 2, 1823:
. . . At the proposal of the Russian Imperial Government, made through the minister of the Emperor residing here, a full power and instructions have been transmitted to the minister of the United States at St. Petersburg to arrange by amicable negotiation the respective rights and interests of the two nations on the northwest coast of this continent. A similar proposal has been made by His Imperial Majesty to the Government of Great Britain, which has likewise been acceded to. The Government of the United States has been desirous by this friendly proceeding of manifesting the great value which they have invariably attached to the friendship of the Emperor and their solicitude to cultivate the best understanding with his Government. In the discussions to which this interest has given rise and in the arrangements by which they may terminate the occasion has been judged proper for asserting, as a principle in which the rights and interests of the United States are involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers. . .

It was stated at the commencement of the last session that a great effort was then making in Spain and Portugal to improve the condition of the people of those countries, and that it appeared to be conducted with extraordinary moderation. It need scarcely be remarked that the results have been so far very different from what was then anticipated. Of events in that quarter of the globe, with which we have so much intercourse and from which we derive our origin, we have always been anxious and interested spectators. The citizens of the United States cherish sentiments the most friendly in favor of the liberty and happiness of their fellow-men on that side of the Atlantic. In the wars of the European powers in matters relating to themselves we have never taken any part, nor does it comport with our policy to do so. It is only when our rights are invaded or seriously menaced that we resent injuries or make preparation for our defense. With the movements in this hemisphere we are of necessity more immediately connected, and by causes which must be obvious to all enlightened and impartial observers. The political system of the allied powers is essentially different in this respect from that of America. This difference proceeds from that which exists in their respective Governments; and to the defense of our own, which has been achieved by the loss of so much blood and treasure, and matured by the wisdom of their most enlightened citizens, and under which we have enjoyed unexampled felicity, this whole nation is devoted. We owe it, therefore, to candor and to the amicable relations existing between the United States and those powers to declare that we should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety. With the existing colonies or dependencies of any European power we have not interfered and shall not interfere. But with the Governments who have declared their independence and maintain it, and whose independence we have, on great consideration and on just principles, acknowledged, we could not view any interposition for the purpose of oppressing them, or controlling in any other manner their destiny, by any European power in any other light than as the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition toward the United States. In the war between those new Governments and Spain we declared our neutrality at the time of their recognition, and to this we have adhered, and shall continue to adhere, provided no change shall occur which, in the judgement of the competent authorities of this Government, shall make a corresponding change on the part of the United States indispensable to their security.

The late events in Spain and Portugal shew that Europe is still unsettled. Of this important fact no stronger proof can be adduced than that the allied powers should have thought it proper, on any principle satisfactory to themselves, to have interposed by force in the internal concerns of Spain. To what extent such interposition may be carried, on the same principle, is a question in which all independent powers whose governments differ from theirs are interested, even those most remote, and surely none of them more so than the United States. Our policy in regard to Europe, which was adopted at an early stage of the wars which have so long agitated that quarter of the globe, nevertheless remains the same, which is, not to interfere in the internal concerns of any of its powers; to consider the government de facto as the legitimate government for us; to cultivate friendly relations with it, and to preserve those relations by a frank, firm, and manly policy, meeting in all instances the just claims of every power, submitting to injuries from none. But in regard to those continents circumstances are eminently and conspicuously different.

It is impossible that the allied powers should extend their political system to any portion of either continent without endangering our peace and happiness; nor can anyone believe that our southern brethren, if left to themselves, would adopt it of their own accord. It is equally impossible, therefore, that we should behold such interposition in any form with indifference. If we look to the comparative strength and resources of Spain and those new Governments, and their distance from each other, it must be obvious that she can never subdue them. It is still the true policy of the United States to leave the parties to themselves, in hope that other powers will pursue the same course. . . .

Source: Our Documents, Transcript, Document Image

Starwater, Alerts, Spaceweather

Staff Writer, Nathaniel Diaz
Meteorology / Heliosphere
________________________________


Storms, earthquakes, and nuclear reactors, oh my... but at least the sun is keeping to its silent activity. Sun spots are on the increase but is there a chance for a solar flare this week?


TODAY'S FEATURED LINKS:
Amazing Enceladus: http://www.ciclops.org/view_event/202...
Solar Wind Charge Exchange: http://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/n...
Sea Star Wasting: http://phys.org/news/2014-07-sea-star...


Source: Suspicious Observers

Brazil World Cup Riots and Government Conspiracy Against the Poor with Pedro Rios

Staff Writer, DB Holmes
Sports / Government
________________________________


World Cup protests in Brazil were met with fierce police military response, and pre-emptive evictions and arrests. We discuss the killings, conspiracy, and silence that was forced on the public, plus the larger struggle against big business corruption in government facing people everywhere with activist Pedro Rios. The International Monetary Fund, and President Dilma’s similarities to President Obama are also explored in this uncensored Buzzsaw interview hosted by Sean Stone.
Source: Buzzsaw

Monday, July 28, 2014

Snowden - Ellsberg - Timm - HopeX 2014

Staff Writer, R. Patrick Chapman
Hope X / Constitution
__________________________________

 
Discussion between Edward Snowden and Daniel Ellsberg at the Home X conference 2014.

Source: Youtube

On Again, Off Again, the Monsoon is a Fickle Creature

Staff Writer, DL Mullan
Weather / Air Quality
_________________________________

The monsoon will take a break in the western part of the state and bring with it hotter temperatures. Tuesday through Thursday will begin this on and off pattern. The coming weekend will see a return of storm chances and air quality concerns with dust storm formation.

Until then, keep your oven mittens in the car, July is not over and August is setting up to be as hot as ever.
Forecast Discussion: It has been an active few days now on the weather front! It started with the unusually large dust event that affected portions of Mexico on Thursday. This was likely caused by what is called a Mesoscale Convective System. This dust then moved northward into Arizona Thursday and Friday with a moisture surge. A pronounced haze was widespread. As a result PM-10 and PM-2.5 were already elevated before significant thunderstorm activity and multiple outlfows triggered a dust storm that impacted much of the Valley during the early evening on Friday. Ultimately, six Maricopa County monitors exceeded the PM-10 health standard. Then another round of strong winds, locally heavy rainfall, and blowing dust struck the Phoenix Metropolitan late last night into the early morning hours. This would account for the lingering haze seen today along with higher current PM readings. We remain in an unstable environment. Models are consistent in showing thunderstorms forming once again over the higher terrain. These then move westward under east-southeasterly steering winds into the Phoenix area during the early evening. Stronger outflows dropping out the higher terrain from the north and east versus the south will help limit the dust threat, but localized blowing dust is still possible. The steering flow is then expected to turn southwesterly by Monday, which is unfavorable for bringing convection into the Valley. Generally, ozone readings are running lower than this time yesterday, likely to due to this morning's cloud cover and the clearing winds from last night. We expect ozone to stay around the lower Moderate range through Tuesday.
North looking toward the Estrella Mountains


Source: AIRNow, Visibility Cameras,

Storms & Spaceweather

Staff Writer, Nathaniel Diaz
Meteorology / Heliosphere
__________________________________


At solar maximum, the sun is quiet. Even with increased sun spots, the solar flares are not active. Some hurricanes and typhoons are being created especially in the Pacific Ocean but with little energy from solar activity, there probably won't be a ramp up in their strength. 

Today's Featured Links:
RSOE-EDIS Alertmap: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php
Faraday Cage: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R54Ls...

Source: Suspicious Observers

​Sweatshops, Paving the Ocean, Gay Parents Better, Democracy Reboot, Stand Your Ground, and more

Staff Writer, DB Holmes
Comedy / News
_________________________________

The Redacted team tries to stand their ground on an ocean paved by BP, while wishing their parents were gay. Miley Cyrus's new billboard looms on the horizon, democracy gets a reboot, and Boehner sues Obama.

Source: Redacted Tonight

Sunday, July 27, 2014

Movie Week: Symbols of an Alien Sky

Staff Writer, DB Holmes
Electric Universe / Mythology
______________________________

So ends our Movie Week. We hope you enjoyed our selections. Here is the last for this special engagement: 

Looking for a fast track to comprehensive education on the Electric Universe? Those most eager to learn are invited to the EU Workshop, November 14-16, 2014 at the Sheraton Phoenix Downtown. This event will be led by Wal Thornhill and Dave Talbott, who are preparing full summaries of their life's work, something that has never been presented publicly. Wal's talks will be complemented by additional material from electrical theorist Dr. Donald Scott, and Dave's presentations will be reinforced by Ev Cochrane, author of several essential books on the ancient sky. Seating will be limited. Check out: https://www.thunderbolts.info/wp/2014...

Here we offer David Talbott's first glimpses of celestial dramas in ancient times. Just a few thousand years ago a gathering of planets hung as towering forms in the ancient sky close to the earth, provoking spectacular electric discharge formations above our forebears.

Source: Thunderbolts Project

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Movie Week: Mind of Plants : Documentary on The Intelligence of Plants

Staff Writer, DB Holmes
Plants / Ecology
_____________________________


This documentary as well as the rest of these documentaries shown here relate to important times and figures in history, historic places and people, archaeology, science, conspiracy theories, and education.  

Source: Knowledge Center

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Movie Week: Four Horsemen

Staff Writer, DB Holmes
Government / Finance
_____________________________

 
FOUR HORSEMEN is an award winning independent feature documentary which lifts the lid on how the world really works.

As we will never return to 'business as usual' 23 international thinkers, government advisors and Wall Street money-men break their silence and explain how to establish a moral and just society.

FOUR HORSEMEN is free from mainstream media propaganda -- the film doesn't bash bankers, criticise politicians or get involved in conspiracy theories. It ignites the debate about how to usher a new economic paradigm into the world which would dramatically improve the quality of life for billions.

"It's Inside Job with bells on, and a frequently compelling thesis thanks to Ashcroft's crack team of talking heads -- economists, whistleblowers and Noam Chomsky, all talking with candour and clarity." - Total Film

"Four Horsemen is a breathtakingly composed jeremiad against the folly of Neo-classical economics and the threats it represents to all we should hold dear."
- Harold Crooks, The Corporation (Co-Director) Surviving Progress (Co-Director/Co-Writer).

Source: Renegade Economist


Monday, July 21, 2014

Movie Week: Will Work For Free

Staff Writer, DB Holmes
Government / Economics
__________________________________


Will Work For Free is a documentary by Sam Vallely on the subject of technological unemployment.

Source:Maveric Media

Tuesday, July 15, 2014

Monsoon Cool Down and Decent Air Quality, Week of July 15

Staff Writer, Nathaniel Diaz
Weather / Air Quality
___________________________________
Today's Air Quality
Forecast Discussion: Forecast models did very well with Sunday's storms in regards to timing and location. Areas in the southeast Valley are cleaning up this morning after severe weather rolled through the area. Reports of hail, downed trees, winds in excess of 60 mph and over an inch of rain in less than an hour came in as the storm moved west. Typically after a storm like that, the Valley is tapped of energy and the following day is a down-day. However, models are in agreement that we could see another round Monday afternoon. They differ slightly on whether storms move through the Valley or skirt metro area to the north and south, merging again in western Maricopa County. There could be isolated downpours, hazardous lightning, damaging winds, and hail. This will be the last chance for rain until next Sunday or Monday as the monsoon high moves to northern California. Much drier air moves into Arizona by Wednesday. Expect middle Moderate ozone levels through Wednesday. PM10 levels should be back in the Good range following Sunday's rain event and any subsequent precipitation on Monday.


Source: AIRNow, Weather Channel

​Pro-Israel Bias, Spying on the Innocent & Gitmo’s Life Sentence without Trial

Staff Writer, DB Holmes
Government / Politics
__________________________________

Abby Martin on the latest violence in Palestine, including Israeli airstrikes on civilian targets in Gaza. Yet another revelation on NSA spying with Dr. Hooshang Amirahmadi, one of five prominent Muslim-Americans allegedly targeted for surveillance. The corporate press’s partisan coverage of the Benghazi scandal while ignoring the trial of terror suspect Ahmed Abu Khattala in the US. Finally, Keane Bhatt, activist and signatory on a second open letter to Human Rights Watch, condemns the organization for its revolving door relationship with the US government.

Source: Breaking the Set

Monday, July 14, 2014

​NSA Nudies, Hillary Helping Monsanto, Kids Too Fat for the Military and More

Staff Writer, DB Holmes
Government / Comedy
_________________________________

The Redacted Team discovers nude pics at the NSA, advice from Hillary to the GMO industry, that most youth don't qualify for the military, the real force stopping marijuana's legalization, walls that stop tornadoes, riot control drones, and that someone does read the episode description.

Source: Redacted Tonight

Sunday, July 13, 2014

How Can There Be So Much Gold in Hiding?

Staff Writer, DL Mullan
Government / Banking
___________________________________


In the document, Gold Out of Hiding, Wolfgang Struck has provided history and documentation to reveal the amount of gold that has been set aside for the people of planet Earth. 

According to Karen Hudes and documentation, Mr. Struck "is the authorized signatory on the Global Debt Facility containing the world's gold, precious metals, art treasures, gemstones."

Here is the legal document describing the Global Debt Facility: https://s3.amazonaws.com/khudes/BILATERAL.pdf  and here is Wolfgang's authority: https://s3.amazonaws.com/khudes/Wolfgang+Struck.pdf. 

Isn't time that the United States Congress took over our monetary system once again, dismantled the Central Banking system of privateer banks like the Federal Reserve so American can return to sound money through the backing of our currency with real wealth instead of ones and zeros?


Source: All of the Above





Truth About Aliens with Immaculate Deception Filmmaker Jeremy Corbell

Staff Writer, DB Holmes
Government / Cover Ups
____________________________________

Aliens again? Don't worry this discussion is more than just about extraterrestrials. 

Alien truth, UFO evidence, and the metaphysical journey toward enlightenment is explored with artist and IMMACULATE DECEPTION filmmaker, Jeremy Corbell. We explore the nature of perception and reality, and Corbell takes us on a mind-expanding journey to the heart of universal mystery–while informing us more about the reasons we ought to pay attention to John Lear–all in this Buzzsaw interview hosted by Sean Stone.

Source: Buzzsaw

Saturday, July 12, 2014

Quiet Monsoon and Bulk Trash for Monday

Staff Writer,  Nathaniel Diaz
Weather / Air Quality
___________________________________

A light monsoonal weekend is ahead. Remember to set out your Bulk Trash for Pick Up starting on Monday. 
Models are in agreement that we are in for a fairly quiet weekend monsoon-wise. Activity will pick up again on Monday. Drier upper-level air moved in Thursday capping the development of storms over the Valley. Look for warmer temperatures as a tradeoff to the reduced humidity. Again, the break will be short-lived as storms will be more capable of holding together while moving off of the Rim late Sunday and Monday. Until then, expect relatively good PM10 levels. Ozone concentrations may reach the middle Moderate range with the target area for highest concentrations in the north and north east part of the forecast area.

Source: AIRNow,

Earthquake, Earthspots, Storms

Staff Writer, Nathaniel Diaz
Meteorology / Heliosphere
_______________________________


Solar activity is on a down swing as fourth gamma burst has hit us this week. Great articles out about how computer models can be manipulated and that Yellow Stone is releasing pressure as it always does. 

Note to Lake Eerie visitors, please watch out for the algae plumes. 

TODAY'S FEATURED LINKS:
BBC Waves Goodbye to Credibility: http://mediatel.co.uk/newsline/2014/0...
Yellowstone Road Melts: http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/na...
Computer Models are Junk: http://online.wsj.com/articles/confes...

Source: Suspicious Observers

Lyndon LaRouche Webcast, July 11th, 2014

Staff Writer, R. Patrick Chapman
Government / Politics
_______________________________


The United States needs to cooperate with the other nations of the globe to create a prosperous and peaceful world.

Source: LaRouche PAC

Friday, July 11, 2014

Movie Night: Seeds Of Death

Staff Writer, DB Holmes
GMOs / Food Supply
____________________________________


In preparation of the global March Against Monsanto, you are invited to watch our award-winning documentary Seeds of Death free.

http://www.march-against-monsanto.com/

The leaders of Big Agriculture--Monsanto, DuPont, Syngenta--are determined that world's populations remain ignorant about the serious health and environmental risks of genetically modified crops and industrial agriculture. Deep layers of deception and corruption underlie both the science favoring GMOs and the corporations and governments supporting them.

This award-winning documentary, Seeds of Death, exposes the lies about GMOs and pulls back the curtains to witness our planet's future if Big Agriculture's new green revolution becomes our dominant food supply.

A Question and Answer fact sheet deconstructing Monsanto's GM claims and Big Agriculture's propaganda to accompany the film is available online:

http://prn.fm/2013/05/24/gary-null-an...


Source: Youtube 

Meteorological Definition of Clouds; What Clouds Are and Are Not

Staff Writer, Nathaniel Diaz
GeoEngineering / Cloud Types
___________________________________

Doesn't it make you wonder? Clouds are not linear or geometric, so what is going on in our skies if it is not geoengeneering? Food for thought!



Source: The People's Voice

Solar Pole Flip, Ice, Electric Space Form

Staff Writer, Nathaniel Diaz
Meteorology / Heliosphere
_________________________________


The sun finally got off a flare but still nothing to write home about. Another polar vortex is on the way for eastern and southern parts of the United States. Too bad it never gets stuck over Arizona. 

TODAY'S FEATURED LINKS:

Hubble Shows Electric Universe: http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/arch...
Bullshit from our Government: http://www.climate.gov/news-features/...
Volcano They Ignore: http://news.wustl.edu/news/Pages/2561...
Geothermal Heating They Ignore: http://www.utexas.edu/news/2014/06/10...
Solar Polar Fields: http://wso.stanford.edu/Polar.html

Source: Suspicious Observers

​BTS Producer Raided by SWAT, Dangers of Oil Transport & NSA Target Speaks Out

Staff Writer, DB Holmes
News / Government
______________________________

Abby Martin on the high prevalence of SWAT raids across the US, and how only one day after reporting on the issue, one Breaking the Set producer’s home was violently raided by a SWAT team. We call out the media framing of the current violence in Gaza and Israel. RT’s Anya Parampil goes over some of the biggest misconceptions about the island nation of Cuba. The anniversary of the 2013 Quebec train disaster, the deadliest freight train accident in Canada’s history, and the dangers of transporting volatile fossil fuels across large distances. Finally, lawyer and former Homeland Security official Faisal Gill, one of five Muslim-American men targeted for surveillance by the NSA and FBI after doing nothing wrong.

Source: Breaking the Set

Thursday, July 10, 2014

McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), a Question of Banking and Federal Powers

Staff Writer, R. Patrick Chapman
Government / Supreme Court
__________________________________

This case brings up some very interesting questions that are current in our financial issues with state banks, gold and silver tender, and the privately held Federal Reserve banking system.

McCullough v. Maryland (1819)
In this case, the Federal government is able to establish a bank alongside State run banking institutions. 

Then why do we have the Federal Reserve again? 

McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
In the landmark Supreme Court case McCulloch v. Maryland, Chief Justice John Marshall handed down one of his most important decisions regarding the expansion of Federal power. This case involved the power of Congress to charter a bank, which sparked the even broader issue of the division of powers between state and the Federal Government.

In 1816 Congress established the Second National Bank to help control the amount of unregulated currency issued by state banks. Many states questioned the constitutionality of the national bank, and Maryland set a precedent by requiring taxes on all banks not chartered by the state. In 1818 the State of Maryland approved legislation to impose taxes on the Second National Bank chartered by Congress.

James W. McCulloch, a Federal cashier at the Baltimore branch of the U.S. bank, refused to pay the taxes imposed by the state. Maryland filed a suit against McCulloch in an effort to collect the taxes. The Supreme Court, however, decided that the chartering of a bank was an implied power of the Constitution, under the “elastic clause,” which granted Congress the authority to “make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution” the work of the Federal Government.

This case presented a major issue that challenged the Constitution: Does the Federal Government hold sovereign power over states? The proceedings posed two questions: Does the Constitution give Congress power to create a bank? And could individual states ban or tax the bank? The court decided that the Federal Government had the right and power to set up a Federal bank and that states did not have the power to tax the Federal Government. Marshall ruled in favor of the Federal Government and concluded, “the power to tax involves the power to destroy."
Here is the transcript of the ruling for McCulloch v. Maryland (1819:
Chief Justice Marshall delivered the opinion of the Court.

In the case now to be determined, the defendant, a sovereign State, denies the obligation of a law enacted by the legislature of the Union, and the plaintiff, on his part, contests the validity of an act which has been passed by the legislature of that State. The constitution of our country, in its most interesting and vital parts, is to be considered; the conflicting powers of the government of the Union and of its members, as marked in that constitution, are to be discussed; and an opinion given, which may essentially influence the great operations of the government. No tribunal can approach such a question without a deep sense of its importance, and of the awful responsibility involved in its decision. But it must be decided peacefully, or remain a source of hostile legislation, perhaps of hostility of a still more serious nature; and if it is to be so decided, by this tribunal alone can the decision be made. On the Supreme Court of the United States has the constitution of our country devolved this important duty.

The first question made in the cause is, has Congress power to incorporate a bank?

It has been truly said that this can scarcely be considered as an open question, entirely unprejudiced by the former proceedings of the nation respecting it. The principle now contested was introduced at a very early period of our history, has been recognized by many successive legislatures, and has been acted upon by the judicial department, in cases of peculiar delicacy, as a law of undoubted obligation. . . .

The power now contested was exercised by the first Congress elected under the present constitution. The bill for incorporating the bank of the United States did not steal upon an unsuspecting legislature, and pass unobserved. Its principle was completely understood, and was opposed with equal zeal and ability. After being resisted, first in the fair and open field of debate, and afterwards in the executive cabinet, with as much persevering talent as any measure has ever experienced, and being supported by arguments which convinced minds as pure and as intelligent as this country can boast, it became a law. The original act was permitted to expire; but a short experience of the embarrassments to which the refusal to revive it exposed the government, convinced those who were most prejudiced against the measure of its necessity, and induced the passage of the present law. It would require no ordinary share of intrepidity to assert that a measure adopted under these circumstances was a bold and plain usurpation, to which the constitution gave no countenance.

These observations belong to the cause; but they are not made under the impression that, were the question entirely new, the law would be found irreconcilable with the constitution.

In discussing this question, the counsel for the State of Maryland have deemed it of some importance, in the construction of the constitution, to consider that instrument not as emanating from the people, but as the act of sovereign and independent States. The powers of the general government, it has been said, are delegated by the States, who alone are truly sovereign; and must be exercised in subordination to the States, who alone possess supreme dominion.

It would be difficult to sustain this proposition. The Convention which framed the constitution was indeed elected by the State legislatures. But the instrument, when it came from their hands, was a mere proposal, without obligation, or pretensions to it. It was reported to the then existing Congress of the United States, with a request that it might "be submitted to a convention of delegates, chosen in each State by the people thereof, under the recommendation of its legislature, for their assent and ratification." This mode of proceeding was adopted; and by the convention, by Congress, and by the State legislatures, the instrument was submitted to the people. They acted upon it in the only manner in which they can act safely, effectively, and wisely, on such a subject, by assembling in convention. It is true, they assembled in their several States -- and where else should they have assembled? No political dreamer was ever wild enough to think of breaking down the lines which separate the States, and of compounding the American people into one common mass. Of consequence, when they act, they act in their States. But the measures they adopt do not, on that account, cease to be the measures of the people themselves, or become the measures of the State governments.

From these conventions the constitution derives its whole authority. The government proceeds directly from the people; is "ordained and established" in the name of the people; and is declared to be ordained, "in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, and secure the blessings of liberty to themselves and to their posterity." The assent of the States, in their sovereign capacity, is implied in calling a convention, and thus submitting that instrument to the people. But the people were at perfect liberty to accept or reject it; and their act was final. It required not the affirmance, and could not be negatived, by the State governments. The constitution, when thus adopted, was of complete obligation, and bound the State sovereignties. . . .

of this fact on the case), is, emphatically, and truly, a government of the people. In form and in substance it emanates from them. Its powers are granted by them, and are to be exercised directly on them, and for their benefit.

This government is acknowledged by all to be one of enumerated powers. The principle, that it can exercise only the powers granted to it, [is] now universally admitted. But the question respecting the extent of the powers actually granted, is perpetually arising, and will probably continue to arise, as long as our system shall exist. . . .

Among the enumerated powers, we do not find that of establishing a bank or creating a corporation. But there is no phrase in the instrument which, like the articles of confederation, excludes incidental or implied powers; and which requires that everything granted shall be expressly and minutely described. Even the 10th amendment, which was framed for the purpose of quieting the excessive jealousies which had been excited, omits the word "expressly," and declares only that the powers "not delegated to the United States, nor prohibited to the States, are reserved to the States or to the people"; thus leaving the question, whether the particular power which may become the subject of contest has been delegated to the one government, or prohibited to the other, to depend on a fair construction of the whole instrument. The men who drew and adopted this amendment had experienced the embarrassments resulting from the insertion of this word in the articles of confederation, and probably omitted it to avoid those embarrassments. A constitution, to contain an accurate detail of all the subdivisions of which its great powers will admit, and of all the means by which they may be carried into execution, would partake of the prolixity of a legal code, and could scarcely be embraced by the human mind. It would probably never be understood by the public. Its nature, therefore, requires, that only its great outlines should be marked, its important objects designated, and the minor ingredients which compose those objects be deduced from the nature of the objects themselves. That this idea was entertained by the framers of the American constitution, is not only to be inferred from the nature of the instrument, but from the language. Why else were some of the limitations, found in the ninth section of the 1st article, introduced? It is also, in some degree, warranted by their having omitted to use any restrictive term which might prevent its receiving a fair and just interpretation. In considering this question, then, we must never forget that it is a constitution we are expounding.

Although, among the enumerated powers of government, we do not find the word "bank," or "incorporation," we find the great powers to lay and collect taxes; to borrow money; to regulate commerce; to declare and conduct a war; and to raise and support armies and navies. The sword and the purse, all the external relations, and no inconsiderable portion of the industry of the nation, are entrusted to its government. It can never be pretended that these vast powers draw after them others of inferior importance, merely because they are inferior. Such an idea can never be advanced. But it may with great reason be contended, that a government, entrusted with such ample powers, on the due execution of which the happiness and prosperity of the nation so vitally depends, must also be entrusted with ample means for their execution. The power being given, it is the interest of the nation to facilitate its execution. It can never be their interest, and cannot be presumed to have been their intention, to clog and embarrass its execution by withholding the most appropriate means. . . require it) which would impute to the framers of that instrument, when granting these powers for the public good, the intention of impeding their exercise by withholding a choice of means? If, indeed, such be the mandate of the constitution, we have only to obey; but that instrument does not profess to enumerate the means by which the powers it confers may be executed; nor does it prohibit the creation of a corporation, if the existence of such a being be essential to the beneficial exercise of those powers. It is, then, the subject of fair inquiry, how far such means may be employed.

It is not denied, that the powers given to the government imply the ordinary means of execution. That, for example, of raising revenue, and applying it to national purposes, is admitted to imply the power of conveying money from place to place, as the exigencies of the nation may require, and of employing the usual means of conveyance. But it is denied that the government has its choice of means; or, that it may employ the most convenient means, if, to employ them, it be necessary to erect a corporation. . . .

The government which has a right to do an act, and has imposed on it the duty of performing that act, must, according to the dictates of reason, be allowed to select the means; and those who contend that it may not select any appropriate means, that one particular mode of effecting the object is excepted, take upon themselves the burden of establishing that exception. . . . The power of creating a corporation, though appertaining to sovereignty, is not like the power of making war, or levying taxes, or of regulating commerce, a great substantive and independent power, which cannot be implied as incidental to other powers, or used as a means of executing them. It is never the end for which other powers are exercised, but a means by which other objects are accomplished. . . . The power of creating a corporation is never used for its own sake, but for the purpose of effecting something else. No sufficient reason is, therefore, perceived, why it may not pass as incidental to those powers which are expressly given, if it be a direct mode of executing them.

But the constitution of the United States has not left the right of Congress to employ the necessary means, for the execution of the powers conferred on the government, to general reasoning. To its enumeration of powers is added that of making "all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution, in the government of the United States, or in any department thereof."

The counsel for the State of Maryland have urged various arguments, to prove that this clause, though in terms a grant of power, is not so in effect; but is really restrictive of the general right, which might otherwise be implied, of selecting means for executing the enumerated powers. . . .

Almost all compositions contain words, which, taken in their rigorous sense, would convey a meaning different from that which is obviously intended. It is essential to just construction, that many words which import something excessive should be understood in a more mitigated sense -- in that sense which common usage justifies. The word "necessary" is of this description. It has not a fixed character peculiar to itself. It admits of all degrees of comparison; and is often connected with other words, which increase or diminish the impression the mind receives of the urgency it imports. A thing may be necessary, very necessary, absolutely or indispensably necessary. To no mind would the same idea be conveyed by these several phrases. This comment on the word is well illustrated by the passage cited at the bar, from the 20th section of the 1st article of the constitution. It is, we think, impossible to compare the sentence which prohibits a State from laying "imposts, or duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws," with that which authorizes Congress "to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution" the powers of the general government, without feeling a conviction that the convention understood itself to change materially the meaning of the word "necessary," by prefixing the word "absolutely." This word, then, like others, is used in various senses; and, in its construction, the subject, the context, the intention of the person using them, are all to be taken into view.

Let this be done in the case under consideration. The subject is the execution of those great powers on which the welfare of a nation essentially depends. It must have been the intention of those who gave these powers, to insure, as far as human prudence could insure, their beneficial execution. This could not be done by confiding the choice of means to such narrow limits as not to leave it in the power of Congress to adopt any which might be appropriate, and which were conducive to the end. This provision is made in a constitution intended to endure for ages to come, and, consequently, to be adapted to the various crises of human affairs. To have prescribed the means by which government should, in all future time, execute its powers, would have been to change, entirely, the character of the instrument, and give it the properties of a legal code. It would have been an unwise attempt to provide, by immutable rules, for exigencies which, if foreseen at all, must have been seen dimly, and which can be best provided for as they occur. To have declared that the best means shall not be used, but those alone without which the power given would be nugatory, would have been to deprive the legislature of the capacity to avail itself of experience, to exercise its reason, and to accommodate its legislation to circumstances. If we apply this principle of construction to any of the powers of the government, we shall find it so pernicious in its operation that we shall be compelled to discard it. . . .

The result of the most careful and attentive consideration bestowed upon this clause is, that if it does not enlarge, it cannot be construed to restrain the powers of Congress, or to impair the rights of the legislature to exercise its best judgment in the selection of measures to carry into execution the constitutional powers of the government. If no other motive for its insertion can be suggested, a sufficient one is found in the desire to remove all doubts respecting the right to legislate on that vast mass of incidental powers which must be involved in the constitution, if that instrument be not a splendid bauble.

We admit, as all must admit, that the powers of the government are limited, and that its limits are not to be transcended. But we think the sound construction of the constitution must allow to the national legislature that discretion, with respect to the means by which the powers it confers are to be carried into execution, which will enable that body to perform the high duties assigned to it, in the manner most beneficial to the people. Let the end be legitimate, let it be within the scope of the constitution, and all means which are appropriate, which are plainly adapted to that end, which are not prohibited, but consist with the letter and spirit of the constitution, are constitutional. . . .

Should Congress, in the execution of its powers, adopt measures which are prohibited by the constitution; or should Congress, under the pretext of executing its powers, pass laws for the accomplishment of objects not entrusted to the government; it would become the painful duty of this tribunal, should a case requiring such a decision come before it, to say that such an act was not the law of the land. But where the law is not prohibited, and is really calculated to effect any of the objects entrusted to the government, to undertake here to inquire into the degree of its necessity, would be to pass the line which circumscribes the judicial department, and to tread on legislative ground. This court disclaims all pretensions to such a power.

After this declaration, it can scarcely be necessary to say that the existence of State banks can have no possible influence on the question. No trace is to be found in the constitution of an intention to create a dependence of the government of the Union on those of the States, for the execution of the great powers assigned to it. Its means are adequate to its ends; and on those means alone was it expected to rely for the accomplishment of its ends. To impose on it the necessity of resorting to means which it cannot control, which another government may furnish or withhold, would render its course precarious, the result of its measures uncertain, and create a dependence on other governments, which might disappoint its most important designs, and is incompatible with the language of the constitution. But were it otherwise, the choice of means implies a right to choose a national bank in preference to State banks, and Congress alone can make the election.

After the most deliberate consideration, it is the unanimous and decided opinion of this Court, that the act to incorporate the Bank of the United States is a law made in pursuance of the constitution, and is a part of the supreme law of the land. . . .

It being the opinion of the Court, that the act incorporating the bank is constitutional; and that the power of establishing a branch in the State of Maryland might be properly exercised by the bank itself, we proceed to inquire --

2. Whether the State of Maryland may, without violating the constitution, tax that branch?

That the power of taxation is one of vital importance; that it is retained by the States; that it is not abridged by the grant of a similar power to the government of the Union; that it is to be concurrently exercised by the two governments: are truths which have never been denied. But, such is the paramount character of the constitution, that its capacity to withdraw any subject from the action of even this power, is admitted. The States are expressly forbidden to lay any duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing their inspection laws. If the obligation of this prohibition must be conceded, the same paramount character would seem to restrain, as it certainly may restrain, a State from such other exercise of this power; as is in its nature incompatible with, and repugnant to, the constitutional laws of the Union. . . .

On this ground the counsel for the bank place its claim to be exempted from the power of a State to tax its operations. There is no express provision for the case, but the claim has been sustained on a principle which so entirely pervades the constitution, is so intermixed with the materials which compose it, so interwoven with its web, so blended with its texture, as to be incapable of being separated from it, without rending it into shreds.

This great principle is, that the constitution and the laws made in pursuance thereof are supreme; that they control the constitution and laws of the respective States, and cannot be controlled by them. From this, which may be almost termed an axiom, other propositions are deduced as corollaries, on the truth or error of which, and on their application to this case, the cause has been supposed to depend. These are, 1st. that a power to create implies a power to preserve. 2nd. That a power to destroy, if wielded by a different hand, is hostile to, and incompatible with these powers to create and to preserve. 3d. That where this repugnancy exists, that authority which is supreme must control, not yield to that over which it is supreme. . . .

That the power of taxing by the States may be exercised so as to destroy it, is too obvious to be denied. But taxation is said to be an absolute power, which acknowledges no other limits than those expressly prescribed in the constitution, and like sovereign power of every other description, is trusted to the discretion of those who use it. But the very terms of this argument admit that the sovereignty of the State, in the article of taxation itself, is subordinate to, and may be controlled by, the constitution of the United States. How far it has been controlled by that instrument must be a question of construction. In making this construction, no principle not declared, can be admissible, which would defeat the legitimate operations of a supreme government. It is of the very essence of supremacy to remove all obstacles to its action within its own sphere, and so to modify every power vested in subordinate governments, as to exempt its own operations from their own influence. This effect need not be stated in terms. It is so involved in the declaration of supremacy, so necessarily implied in it, that the expression of it could not make it more certain. We must, therefore, keep it in view while construing the constitution.

The argument on the part of the State of Maryland is, not that the States may directly resist a law of Congress, but that they may exercise their acknowledged powers upon it, and that the constitution leaves them this right in the confidence that they will not abuse it.

Before we proceed to examine this argument, and to subject it to the test of the constitution, we must be permitted to bestow a few considerations on the nature and extent of this original right of taxation, which is acknowledged to remain with the States. It is admitted that the power of taxing the people and their property is essential to the very existence of government, and may be legitimately exercised on the objects to which it is applicable, to the utmost extent to which the government may choose to carry it. The only security against the abuse of this power, is found in the structure of the government itself. In imposing a tax the legislature acts upon its constituents. . . .

The sovereignty of a State extends to everything which exists by its own authority, or is so introduced by its permission; but does it extend to those means which are employed by Congress to carry into execution powers conferred on that body by the people of the United States? We think it demonstrable that it does not. Those powers are not given by the people of a single State. They are given by the people of the United States, to a government whose laws, made in pursuance of the constitution, are declared to be supreme. Consequently, the people of a single State cannot confer a sovereignty which will extend over them.

If we measure the power of taxation residing in a State, by the extent of sovereignty which the people of a single State possess, and can confer on its government, we have an intelligible standard, applicable to every case to which the power may be applied. We have a principle which leaves the power of taxing the people and property of a State unimpaired; which leaves to a State the command of all its resources, and which places beyond its reach, all those powers which are conferred by the people of the United States on the government of the Union, and all those means which are given for the purpose of carrying those powers into execution. We have a principle which is safe for the States, and safe for the Union. We are relieved, as we ought to be, from clashing sovereignty; from interfering powers; from a repugnancy between a right in one government to pull down what there is an acknowledged right in another to build up; from the incompatibility of a right in one government to destroy what there is a right in another to preserve. We are not driven to the perplexing inquiry, so unfit for the judicial department, what degree of taxation is the legitimate use, and what degree may amount to the abuse of the power. The attempt to use it on the means employed by the government of the Union, in pursuance of the constitution, is itself an abuse, because it is the usurpation of a power which the people of a single State cannot give.

We find, then, on just theory, a total failure of this original right to tax the means employed by the government of the Union, for the execution of its powers. The right never existed, and the question whether it has been surrendered, cannot arise.

But, waiving this theory for the present, let us resume the inquiry, whether this power can be exercised by the respective States, consistently with a fair construction of the constitution?

That the power to tax involves the power to destroy; that the power to destroy may defeat and render useless the power to create; that there is a plain repugnance, in conferring on one government a power to control the constitutional measures of another, which other, with respect to those very measures, is declared to be supreme over that which exerts the control, are propositions not to be denied. But all inconsistencies are to be reconciled by the magic of the word CONFIDENCE. Taxation, it is said, does not necessarily and unavoidably destroy. To carry it to the excess of destruction would be an abuse, to presume which, would banish that confidence which is essential to all government.

But is this a case of confidence? Would the people of any one State trust those of another with a power to control the most insignificant operations of their State government? We know they would not. Why, then, should we suppose that the people of any one State should be willing to trust those of another with a power to control the operations of a government to which they have confided their most important and most valuable interests? In the legislature of the Union alone, are all represented. The legislature of the Union alone, therefore, can be trusted by the people with the power of controlling measures which concern all, in the confidence that it will not be abused. This, then, is not a case of confidence, and we must consider it as it really is.

If we apply the principle for which the State of Maryland contends, to the constitution generally, we shall find it capable of changing totally the character of that instrument. We shall find it capable of arresting all the measures of the government, and of prostrating it at the foot of the States. The American people have declared their constitution, and the laws made in pursuance thereof, to be supreme; but this principle would transfer the supremacy, in fact, to the States.

If the States may tax one instrument, employed by the government in the execution of its powers, they may tax any and every other instrument. They may tax the mail; they may tax the mint; they may tax patent rights; they may tax the papers of the custom-house; they may tax judicial process; they may tax all the means employed by the government, to an excess which would defeat all the ends of government. This was not intended by the American people. They did not design to make their government dependent on the States. . . .

The Court has bestowed on this subject its most deliberate consideration. The result is a conviction that the States have no power, by taxation or otherwise, to retard, impede, burden, or in any manner control, the operations of the constitutional laws enacted by Congress to carry into execution the powers vested in the general government. This is, we think, the unavoidable consequence of that supremacy which the constitution has declared.

We are unanimously of opinion, that the law passed by the legislature of Maryland, imposing a tax on the Bank of the United States, is unconstitutional and void.

This opinion does not deprive the States of any resources which they originally possessed. It does not extend to a tax paid by the real property of the bank, in common with the other real property within the State, nor to a tax imposed on the interest which the citizens of Maryland may hold in this institution, in common with other property of the same description throughout the State. But this is a tax on the operations of the bank, and is, consequently, a tax on the operation of an instrument employed by the government of the Union to carry its powers into execution. Such a tax must be unconstitutional.

Source: Our Documents, Transcript of McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

Solar Tsunami, Gamma Blast x2

Staff Writer, Nathaniel Diaz
Meteorology / Heliosphere
_________________________________


Slowly the sun is picking up in activity. Some earthquakes and storms across the world could become more substantial as the coronal holes and filament flares connect with our magnetosphere.  Try to say that five times fast.

The Monsoon after today is going to a break in Arizona but will start back up at the first of next week. 


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Source: Suspicious Observers

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